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  • A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    creative behaviour Contrarianism Converging thinking Creative audience Creative class Creative ecosystem Creative environment Creative industries Creative person Creative process Creative product Creative productivity Creative seeds Creative services Creativity and leadership Creativity as a cultural construction Creativity research Creativity techniques Creativity a history of the word Creativogenic society Creatology Curiosity Dark side of creativity Data smog Definitions of creativity Degeneration theory Detached devotion Discontinuity Displacement Distribution of creativity Distribution of productivity Divergent thinking Domain Domain specific theories Ecological perspective Ego involved motivation Eminence Emulation Endocept Enhancing creativity Evolution and creativity Evolving systems approach Experience Experimental methods Extrinsic motivation Field Floruit Flow Forms of creative behaviour Fractal Fruitful asynchrony Fundamentalism Gatekeepers Genius Gestalt theory Golden age Group creativity Habit Heredity Historiometric approach Humanistic approach Imagination Imitation Information society Innovation Innovativeness Inspiration Integrative complexity Interests Intrinsic motivation Introversion Intuition Kirton adaptive innovative inventory Knowledge and creativity Laws of historiometry Levels or degrees of creativity Lotka s law Matthew effect Meditation Meme Memetics Mentors Meta analysis Metacognition Microdomain Motivation Multiple intelligences Neural network Niche audience Nomothetic studies Normative social influence Nourishing and informative audience Novelty and originality Old age style Original genius Originality Ortega hypothesis Paradigm shift Passionarity Perceptual set Performance Period of noncreativity

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  • Preface - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    the nature of creativity This dictionary is a by product of my PhD Thesis A Creative History of the Russian Internet Goldsmith College University of London 2006 It is based on quotations and notes collected at an early stage of my work when I was preparing a literary review on creativity theories Only a fraction of this material was used in the final version of the thesis and I thought that this material in itself could be of value so I arranged it as a dictionary I broke the text into entries arranged in alphabetical order and linked the entries with cross references This facilitated the work with the material and made explicit the correlations between various concepts and approaches This dictionary would not be possible without the mass of publications and all the efforts of researchers in the field of creativity research I am thankful to all people whose ideas and findings were used in this dictionary I am particularly thankful to Dean Keith Simonton whose works shaped my own thinking about creativity and established the basis for many entries in this dictionary I am also grateful to James Allan for his proof reading and valuable comments concerning style

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  • Acceptance - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    S T U V Y Z Acceptance Accommodation Acme Adaptation Adoption Age curve Alienation Altered states of consciousness Ambiguity Amorphous cognition Approaches to creativity Artificial intelligence Aspects of creativity Assessment Associationism Associative theory Audience Autonomy References Creativity Links Acceptance Conformity that involves both acting and believing in accord with social pressure Acceptance Dictionary of Creativity Terms Concepts Theories Findings in Creativity Research Compiled and edited by Eugene Gorny Netslova ru

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  • Accommodation - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    V Y Z Acceptance Accommodation Acme Adaptation Adoption Age curve Alienation Altered states of consciousness Ambiguity Amorphous cognition Approaches to creativity Artificial intelligence Aspects of creativity Assessment Associationism Associative theory Audience Autonomy References Creativity Links Accommodation The act of modifying or adjusting knowledge structures in order to deal with discrepancies or conflicts with them Accommodation Dictionary of Creativity Terms Concepts Theories Findings in Creativity Research Compiled and edited by Eugene

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  • Acme - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    the biographies of more than a thousand eminent persons 70 percent of the world s best work is accomplished by persons under 45 years of age and 80 percent of it by those under 50 The absolute peak period of a career seems to fall between 30 and 45 though the half decade from 35 to 40 is more productive than that from 40 to 45 This findings were corroborated

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  • Adaptation - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    to adjust the self to fit environmental conditions through conformity agreement or compliance 2 to acclimatize or apply experience to the use or selection of an environment to personal advantage 3 to modify or transform the environment to suit the individual The dynamic interplay between a person and the environment is one of the most important factors in the analysis of creativity It is essential to understand who or what is adapting and in what sense One the one hand the ability to adapt to an environment is traditionally considered since perhaps Darwin as a condition of creative behaviour One the other hand If the individual regards the external world merely as something to which he has to adapt rather than as something in which his subjectivity can find fulfilment his individuality disappears and his life becomes meaningless Storr 1988 72 Creativity necessarily includes both adaptation and its opposite man s adaptation to the world is the result paradoxically of not being perfectly adjusted to the environment of not being in a state of psychological equilibrium ibid 197 Cohen 1989 developed a scheme called the Continuum of adaptive creative behaviour addressing adaptation in context as well as the creative process

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  • Adoption - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    Autonomy References Creativity Links Adoption from Latin adoptare chose for oneself the act of accepting with approval favourable reception Everett Rogers 1962 17 defined the adoption of innovation as the mental process through which an individual passes from the first hearing about the innovation to final adoption and outlined five stages in the adoption process awareness interest evaluation trial and adoption He classified adopters into five categories on the basis of innovativeness innovators early adopters early majority late majority and laggards ibid 19 Tarde 1890 suggested that the adoption of new ideas followed a normal S shaped distribution over time At first only a few individuals adopt the new idea then great numbers of individuals accept the innovation and finally the rate of adoption slackens This finding was corroborated by Rogers 1962 study of the diffusion of innovation Rogers also found out that the actual adoption of an innovation is influenced by cultural values sometimes in the most bizarre ways as his example shows Rogers 1962 59 When horses were introduced into the Shoshoni culture the Indians knew what to do with them The Shoshonis had previously experience with horses they had stolen horses from settlers for food So when

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  • Age curve - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    relationship between age and achievement found out that in most instances the peak productive age occurs around age 40 plus or minus about five years the creator ascends to this peak rapidly from around the mid twenties and then descends more gradually The main features of the age curve are as follows 1 output begins in the 20s 2 for that starting point the curve ascends quickly to an optimum at some point near 40 th year plus or minus five years 3 after the career optimum is reached the curve turns around and gradually approaches the point of zero output rate Simonton 1994 183 notes that Because the decline is not nearly so precipitous as the ascent creative individuals can be more productive in their 70s than they were in their 20s Even so the output rate is about half that seen at the peak career The shape of the age curve and the specific location of the peak vary from one creative discipline to another Lehman 1953 showed that even within a single discipline the age function may vary dramatically according to the particular type of creativity attempted Thus creativity in mathematics or poetry tends to peak much

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