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  • Displacement - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    of creativity Data smog Definitions of creativity Degeneration theory Detached devotion Discontinuity Displacement Distribution of creativity Distribution of productivity Divergent thinking Domain Domain specific theories References Creativity Links Displacement Displacement in psychodynamic approach is a psychological process in which emotions ideas or wishes are transferred from their original object to a more acceptable substitute often used to allay anxiety Displacement Dictionary of Creativity Terms Concepts Theories Findings in Creativity Research

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  • Distribution of creativity - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    periods and explained this by emulation the desire to equal or surpass one s contemporaries Galton 1869 1874 explained the fact of uneven distribution of creativity though history by the biological reasons he believed that golden ages occur when the gene pools of civilized nations are relatively favourable and pure and that interbreed with inferior nations leads to decline in creativity However Kroeber 1944 who studied the occurrence of geniuses in various fields philosophy science philology sculpture painting drama literature and music came to the conclusion that the incidence of genius fluctuates far more rapidly than the biological foundations of a culture similarly to cultural patterns like artistic styles or scientific approaches He also concluded that cultural growth spreads gradually from a local region to a large area and that in times of cultural decline the area shrinks upon itself Sorokin 1951 found that a total national civilization displays a notable creativity in various cultural fields not necessarily once but two or more times in most historical total civilizations there have been two three or even more great blossomings This result contradicts Spengler s and Toynbee s claim that each civilization has only one florescence Gray 1966 compiled a curve of creativity for Western civilization and stated that the curve agreed with Kroeber s main findings namely that genius emerges in clusters that such blossomings occur several times during civilization that such peaks are rare and do not characterize most of a civilization s course and that these peaks are of unequal duration He tried to find the explanations of Kroeber s findings by advancing his epicyclical theory in which history is seen as a series of concurrent cycles an over all economic cycle a social cycle and a political cycle Each of these three cycles goes through four different

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Distribution_of_creativity.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Distribution of productivity - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    Domain Domain specific theories References Creativity Links Distribution of productivity According to Dennis 1955 who examined the distribution of productivity in seven domains across all these domains 10 percent of the creative workers contributed roughly 50 percent of all the work 61 percent of the contributors made only one contribution each and the single most prolific creator in each discipline is credited with 9 percent of the total The most prolific creator in a given domain tends to be 57 times as productive as the least productive creators The same is true for other domains such as classical music Moles 1958 showed that the top 10 composers give us 40 percent of the masterworks while the top three composers Mozart Beethoven and Bach offer about 6 percent each or almost 20 percent taken together In sum fewer than 1 percent of the composers with extant compositions provide most of the classical repertoire Unequal distribution of productivity is described by Lotka s law and Price s law The validity of these laws has been confirmed for various cultural domains and historical periods As Simonton 1984 81 concludes The inequality of productivity revealed in the highly skewed distribution of creative output is

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  • Divergent thinking - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    Links Divergent thinking The ability to develop original and unique ideas and to envision multiple solutions to a problem a cognitive trait that J P Guilford 1954 considered as the most important ingredient of creativity It is a form of thinking that does not follow the beaten path of conformity or convention but proceeds towards unusual solutions The three most important characteristics of divergent thinking are flexibility originality and fluency

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  • Domain - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    thinking in a specific area of knowledge also any specific area of knowledge Baer 1999 In the system approach to creativity domain is defined as a cultural or symbolic aspect of environment Csikszentmihalyi 1999 Domain in an essential element for defining creativity because creativity occurs when a person makes a change in a domain a change that will be transmitted through time ibid 315 Ariety 1976 lists the following domains

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  • Domain-specific theories - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    Links Domain specific theories Theories of creativity that argue that the skills and understandings that underlie successful performance in a given domain are largely unrelated to the skills and understandings that underlie successful performance in other domains The evidence for domain specificity in creativity suggests that the level of creative performance in one domain is unrelated to the level of performance in other domains and the same is true even

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  • Ecological perspective - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    Ecological perspective A view of human creativity which metaphorically draws from concepts found useful in the study and description of biological ecosystems The ecological perspective emphasizes the dependence of creative people and creative projects upon the physical social and cultural recourses within their creative ecosystems and upon the arrangements relationships and interdependencies which connect creative people to those recourses to one another and to people able to drive and create

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Ecological_perspective.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Ego-involved motivation - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    Z Ecological perspective Ego involved motivation Eminence Emulation Endocept Enhancing creativity Evolution and creativity Evolving systems approach Experience Experimental methods Extrinsic motivation References Creativity Links Ego involved motivation A type of motivation in which action is prompted by an ulterior desire for social approval and positive self image See extrinsic motivation Ego involved motivation Dictionary of Creativity Terms Concepts Theories Findings in Creativity Research Compiled and edited by Eugene Gorny

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