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  • Humanistic approach - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    suggestion that creativity resulted from the sublimation of a sexual drive and suggested instead that it was successful expression of a positive drive to improve the self and gain mental health Adler Adler and Wolfe 1927 Adler 1956 argued that a basic motivation for creativity is compensation for physical or intellectual disability For example the search for knowledge is a compensation for perceived ignorance and fear of death motivates creation of works of lasting value that can survive their creators Rank 1932 1968 referred to the development of the creative personality in terms of three stages of development and sometimes in terms of three types of person the normal or average man the neurotic man and the artist or man of will and deed each of whom typify the characteristics of a particular development stage Fromm 1955 described three types of interpersonal interaction symbiotic relatedness withdrawal destructiveness and love and proposed that the productive or creative person is one whose interaction with others are characterized by closeness as well as independence Maslow 1968 developed the theory of self actualization defined as the process of becoming everything one is able to be He believed that creativity was self sufficient and there was no need for an observable creative product because the real object of creativity was the self of the creator He described creative process as spontaneous effortless and innocent This view was criticized as too complacent As Ochse 1990 24 25 commented There is little doubt that the Humanistic school s loss of the fact that people who create are good workers was largely due to Maslow s own description of the creative process as effortless and easy like the creativeness of all happy secure children Only at the end of his life did he acknowledge what he had previously

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Humanistic_approach.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Imagination - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    the faculty or action of producing ideas esp mental images of what is not present or has not been experienced Collins Ariety 1976 37 defines imagination as the capacity of the mind to produce or reproduce several symbolic functions while in a state of consciousness of awareness without any deliberate effort to organize these functions and notes that imagination excludes all that which cannot assume or has not yet assumed

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Imagination.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Imitation - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    culture Gabriele Tarde 1890 formulated the laws of imitation for example that the inventions most easily imitated are similar to those already institutionalized that imitation tends to descend from social superior to social inferior and that the greater cosmopoliteness of innovators than of later adopters is one reason for their early acceptance on new ideas Tarde s ideas was furthered by Everett Rogers 1962 to explain the diffusion of innovation

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Imitation.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Information society - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    maintained that information and knowledge have become governing factors determining the process of social change and that they have replaced labour in the new social order to denote which such terms as information society knowledge society knowledgeable society network society and so forth have been used The theory of an information society is sometimes critically assessed as a part of the theory of post industrial society that concentrates on particular

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Information_society.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Innovation - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    O P R S T U V Y Z Imagination Imitation Information society Innovation Innovativeness Inspiration Integrative complexity Interests Intrinsic motivation Introversion Intuition References Creativity Links Innovation Innovation is the process of making improvements by introducing something new the realization of a creative idea in a social context Innovation Dictionary of Creativity Terms Concepts Theories Findings in Creativity Research Compiled and edited by Eugene Gorny Netslova ru 2007 http creativity

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Innovation.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Innovativeness - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    T U V Y Z Imagination Imitation Information society Innovation Innovativeness Inspiration Integrative complexity Interests Intrinsic motivation Introversion Intuition References Creativity Links Innovativeness Innovativeness is defined as the degree to which an individual is relatively earlier in adopting new ideas than the other members of his social system Rogers 1962 19 Innovativeness Dictionary of Creativity Terms Concepts Theories Findings in Creativity Research Compiled and edited by Eugene Gorny Netslova ru

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Innovativeness.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Inspiration - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    special or unusual activity or creativity The ancients suggested that creative ideas are breathed into a human agent by some divine or mystical force daemon or genius As Plato explained the poets are nothing but interpreter of gods each one possessed by the divinity to whom he is in bondage Inspiration was associated with madness both being deviation from the conventional norm and the poets were often called divine madmen

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Inspiration.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Integrative complexity - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    to differentiate the intricacies of reality while at the same time integrating these complexities into a unified perspective As Simonton explains 1984 54 A person who is high in conceptual complexity s one who perceives the world in a multidimensional and flexible manner simultaneously considers diverse viewpoints and yet manages to integrate all these inputs into a single perspective A person who lacks conceptual complexity tends to reject information that

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Integrative_complexity.html (2016-05-02)
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