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  • Novelty and originality - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    of memory That which seems new for a young girl may not be such for an old man The depth of memory in covering the news on TV or newspapers rarely exceeds a few months In what they sell as new original and unprecedented a historian philologist or psychologist may easily find recurrent patterns that were in use many ages ago When Mikhail L Gasparov a Russian classic philologist translator and researcher in verse prosody was once asked by a journalist about his attitude to Stalinist repressions he began his answer as follows We who went through the Peloponnesian wars This was not pretentiousness or extravagance but rather an effect of different depth of the historic memory which make the deeds of ancient time as much more vivid and significant as the events of the recent past When Arieti 1976 criticizes Jung saying that his analysis of archetypes reminds him of archaeological excavations and fails to explain the quality of novelty of the creative work he misses the point by someway The new and the old are not two completely different entities but rather the two sides of a coin The new is always based on what was before and the one appears through another like the water under the ice for those who can see Was then Ecclesiastes right and the new is only a by product of oblivion and ignorance Self aware artists writers scientists and other creators and innovators have always acknowledged the relativity of novelty Newton acknowledged standing on the shoulders of giants in science Goethe who was both a poet and a scientist asked the question What is invention and who can say that he invented something and answered himself It is an utter foolishness to swagger about precedence Not to admit oneself after all a plagiarist is just a senseless fanfaronade The historian Thomas Carlyle maintained that the merit of originality is not novelty it is sincerity Mandelstam writing about a skald who will compose again somebody else s song and will utter it as its own described how poetry is created T S Eliot said that the difference between a good poet and a bad one is that the first steals consciously while the second steals unconsciously And a contemporary inventor holds that the main thing that one should have to invent is a big database However if even one accepts the fact of borrowing ideas and material in creativity one usually can distinguish intuitively or rationally new from old original from banal What is then the nature of perceived novelty Arieti 1996 4 points out Whereas theologians and religious people in general believe that God s creation comes ex nihilo from special and temporal nothingness human creativity uses what is already existing and available and changes it in unpredictable ways These unpredictable ways may include the creation of forms that are not in use in the creator s environment the combination of the common elements into a singular structure the deformation of

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  • Old age style - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    V Y Z Old age style Original genius Originality Ortega hypothesis References Creativity Links Old age style See Third period Old age style Dictionary of Creativity Terms Concepts Theories Findings in Creativity Research Compiled and edited by Eugene Gorny Netslova

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Old_age_style.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Original genius - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    M N O P R S T U V Y Z Old age style Original genius Originality Ortega hypothesis References Creativity Links Original genius As opposed to mere talent this refers to the ability to create fundamentally new and highly valuable ideas and products Original genius Dictionary of Creativity Terms Concepts Theories Findings in Creativity Research Compiled and edited by Eugene Gorny Netslova ru 2007 http creativity netslova ru Original

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Original_genius.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Originality - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    T U V Y Z Old age style Original genius Originality Ortega hypothesis References Creativity Links Originality See Novelty and originality Originality Dictionary of Creativity Terms Concepts Theories Findings in Creativity Research Compiled and edited by Eugene Gorny Netslova ru

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Originality.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Ortega hypothesis - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    to insist upon the extraordinary but undeniable fact experimental sciences has progressed thanks to great part to the work of men astoundingly mediocre and even less than mediocre This is to say modern science the root and symbol of our actual civilization finds a place for the intellectually commonplace man and allows him to work therein with success However this egalitarian view is not supported by the facts The Price

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  • Paradigm shift - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    1922 1996 in his The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 1962 denoting one of the two phases in the development of sciences In the first phase the one of normal science scientists work within a set of accepted norms and test hypotheses in terms of existing theories Gradually anomalous facts accumulate and generate questions that cannot be answered in terms of the current approach and a period of revolutionary science ensures

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  • Passionarity - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    psychological characteristic reproduced genetically which deviates from the normal behaviour of the species and is opposite to the instinct of self preservation It can be defined as the compelling intrinsic drive towards purposeful activity that is always directed to changing the environment both social and natural and the attainment of the desired aim which is often illusory or even destructive for the subject himself seems to him more valuable than his own life Passionarity accounts for the formation of new ethnos and various innovations in society and culture in the established ethnos Gumilev argues for example that all military and political history of the developing ethnos consists of various variants of passionary induction by which the crowds of harmonious persons are set in motion It also lies at the foundation of the anti egoistic ethic where the collective interests even if wrongly understood prevail over the craving for life and concern for one s own posterity Individuals possessing this characteristic under favourable conditions perform actions that summing up break the inertia of tradition and initiate change in the ethnos Passions of various kinds such as greed ambition envy or love are modes of passionarity Passionarity as a drive to introduce

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  • Perceptual set - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    Personal traits Plank s principle Plenum Polar contrast Post industrial society and creativity Price s law Primary process Psychedelic approach Psychodynamic approach Psychometric approach References Creativity Links Perceptual set also mental set functional fixedness Predispositions to perceive things in certain familiar ways It is one of the barriers to creativity the reverse of flexile innovative thinking which makes it difficult to see new meanings relationships and ideas Perceptual set Dictionary

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Perceptual_set.html (2016-05-02)
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