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  • Performance - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    U V Y Z Paradigm shift Passionarity Perceptual set Performance Period of noncreativity Periods of creativity Personal traits Plank s principle Plenum Polar contrast Post industrial society and creativity Price s law Primary process Psychedelic approach Psychodynamic approach Psychometric approach References Creativity Links Performance Behaviour ranked with respect to quality quantity or both Performance Dictionary of Creativity Terms Concepts Theories Findings in Creativity Research Compiled and edited by Eugene Gorny

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Performance.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Period of noncreativity - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    V Y Z Paradigm shift Passionarity Perceptual set Performance Period of noncreativity Periods of creativity Personal traits Plank s principle Plenum Polar contrast Post industrial society and creativity Price s law Primary process Psychedelic approach Psychodynamic approach Psychometric approach References Creativity Links Period of noncreativity See Ten year rule Period of noncreativity Dictionary of Creativity Terms Concepts Theories Findings in Creativity Research Compiled and edited by Eugene Gorny Netslova ru

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Period_of_noncreativity.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Periods of creativity - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    Creativity Links Periods of creativity Differences in the character of creativity depending on age Storr 1988 169 distinguished between three periods The first period although it may be characterized by works of undoubted genius is one in which the artist has usually not fully discovered his individual voice A s an artist becomes more confident he gains the courage to dispense with whatever aspects of the past are irrelevant to him and enters upon his second period in which both his mastery and his individuality are clearly manifest In this period the need to communicate whatever he has to say to as wide public as possible is usually evident Third period works share certain characteristics ibid 174 First they are less concerned with communication than what has done before Second they are often unconventional in form and appear to be striving to achieve a new kind of unity between elements which at first sight are extremely disparate Third they are characterized be an absence of rhetoric or any need to convince Fourth they seem to be exploring remote areas of experience which are intrapersonal or suprapersonal rather than interpersonal That is the artist is looking into the depth of his

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  • Personal traits - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    7 Sense of humour childish freshness in thinking plays with ideas playful sharp witted 8 Attracted to complexity attracted to the mysterious the asymmetrical ambiguity incongruity and novelty is a complex person tolerant to disorder 9 Capacity for fantasy animistic and magical thinking had imaginary playmates as child mixes truth and fantasy fiction 10 Artistic aesthetic interests sensitivity to beauty 11 Open minded liberal receptive to new ideas open to new experience and growth receptive to others viewpoints 12 Needs alone time internally preoccupied prefers to work alone introspective reflective 13 Intuitive perceptive sees relationships implications good at problem finding observant heighten sensitivity to details and patterns 14 Emotional can express feelings emotions sensitive moody has emotional highs and lows needs attention praise support 15 Ethical altruistic idealistic empathic The list of negative traits of creative people that usually disturb supervisors parents teachers and peers and may cause personal or social adjustment problems includes 1 Egoistical intolerant self centred snobbish 2 Impulsive act without planning careless impatient capricious tactless irresponsible disorganized with unimportant matters 3 Argumentative cynical rebellious uncooperative defiant stubborn autocratic little regard for rules conventions mores law authority 4 Immature childish sloppy silly 5 Absentminded forgetful mind wanders careless 6 Neurotic aloof temperamental low frustration tolerance mildly sociopathic unable to control emotions uncommunicative 7 Hyperactive overactive physically and mentally An alternative list of personal traits relating to creativity includes active curiosity broad interests tolerance of ambiguity self confidence within one s field of creative activity a powerful sense of agency and self efficacy independence of though and judgment imaginative and intellectual power a capacity for hard and self discipline work a self narrative that portrays the self as a creative productive person and a philosophical commitment to and belief in the importance of one s chosen activity Harrington 1999 Some differences between artistic and scientific creativity have been noted Artists are characterized by the following set of traits openness to experience phantasy oriented imagination impulsivity lack of conscientiousness anxiety affective illness emotional sensitivity drive ambition non social traits norm doubting nonconformity independence hostility aloofness unfriendliness and a lack of warmth social traits The list of traits pertaining to scientists includes openness to experience flexibility of thought drive ambition achievement non social traits dominance arrogance hostility self confidence autonomy introversion and independence social traits Feist 1999b It is easy to see that most characteristics found in creative people may be considered as both positive and negative However the situation is more complicated because the creative person is characterized by mutually exclusive traits Csikszentmihalyi 1996 57 maintains that the most prominent trait in creative persons is complexity that is tendencies of combining thought and action that in most people are segregated They contain contradictory extremes instead of being an individual each of them is a multitude Like the color white that includes all the hues of the spectrum they tend to bring together the entire range of human possibilities within themselves He lists ten pairs of apparently antithetical traits that

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  • Plank's principle - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    new ideas they tend to be accepted by the youth and rejected by older scientists The original formulation of Plank s principle is found in his Scientific biography Plank 1949 33 34 in which he describes how it took him twenty years to convince his conservative colleagues of the value of his quantum hypothesis and concluded that A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light but rather because its opponents eventually die and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it Plank s principle has been empirically confirmed by Hull Tessner and Diamond 1978 who studied reception of Darwin s theory of natural selection They discovered a ten years difference in age of those who rejected and accepted Darwin s position and concluded that younger scientists did accept new ideas with greater alacrity than older scientists To explain this phenomenon Barber 1961 suggested that a key factor is not age but rather social variables connected with age such as the longer commitment of older scientists to the established paradigm expressed in a series publications high professional standing membership of established organizations and association with a school Plank s principle

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  • Plenum - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    noncreativity Periods of creativity Personal traits Plank s principle Plenum Polar contrast Post industrial society and creativity Price s law Primary process Psychedelic approach Psychodynamic approach Psychometric approach References Creativity Links Plenum A space which is totally filled up with objects such that none may move unless they all move An example would be the ball bearing ring which supports the fluid motion of wheels Plenum Dictionary of Creativity Terms

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  • Polar contrast - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    of creativity Personal traits Plank s principle Plenum Polar contrast Post industrial society and creativity Price s law Primary process Psychedelic approach Psychodynamic approach Psychometric approach References Creativity Links Polar contrast Polar contrast is a measure of a person s capacity to treats two points of view as polar opposites People who prefer simplistic polar contrasts are likely to score low in conceptual complexity Polar contrast Dictionary of Creativity Terms

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  • Post-industrial society and creativity - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    notes the objective component of post industrial society includes the shift from material production to the tertiary sector the transition from mass production to the production of customized or unique products and the radical change of organizational structure The subjective component includes the increasing dependence of society on the creative potential of its members Creativity has become the essential factor for both the productive process and the consumption of its results because they require knowledge and developed skills to cope with new information in a creative way What is yet more important is the essential change in motivation and character of human activity This change in the motivational structure of activity has been generally described in terms of transition from labour to creativity Labour which is the main form of activity in the industrial society is forced by the external necessity confined by the limits of satisfaction of the material needs of men As such it is governed by extrinsic or outward motivation and serves as a mechanism of alienation of people from the world and themselves Creativity on the contrary is a form of activity in which the intrinsic or inward motivation is realized and which is stimulated not by the necessity of satisfaction of immediate physiological or social needs but rather by the need for perfection of the personality and its abilities As such creativity is a means of elimination of the phenomenon of alienation that pervaded industrial society This conception can be traced back to Marcuse s works especially his Eros and Civilization Marcuse 1955 however in the theory of post industrial society it has been posited as an accomplished fact rather than a project for the future The term post material was coined by Inglehart 1977 to designate the motivation that is directed to self realization

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