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  • Secondary process - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    process Study of genius Suicide Systems approach References Creativity Links Secondary process Secondary process in psychodynamic approach is mental activity and thinking characteristic of the ego and influenced by the demands of the environment It is characterized by organization systematization intellectualization and similar processes leading to logical thought and action in adult life Innovation and creativity is thought of as a combination of the primary and secondary processes Secondary process

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  • Self-management - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    Creativity Links Self management Intentional monitoring and guiding of one s own behaviour Studies have shown the importance of self evaluation and metacognition for human performance in general Jausovec 1994 Kitchner 1983 and for creative thinking in particular Runco 1990 Self management involves learning of one s own strengths and weaknesses and finding ways how to use them for creative work awareness of what conditions and environment are more conducing

    Original URL path: http://creativity.netslova.ru/Self-management.html (2016-05-02)
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  • Social-personality approach - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    process Self management Social personality approach Solitude Spontaneity Stages of the creative process Study of genius Suicide Systems approach References Creativity Links Social personality approach This approach focuses on personality variables motivational variables and the sociocultural environment as sources of creativity The representatives of this approach are the componential model and the system approach Social personality approach Dictionary of Creativity Terms Concepts Theories Findings in Creativity Research Compiled and edited

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  • Solitude - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    personal traits of the creative person often takes the form of solitude Winnicott 1958 found that the capacity to be alone becomes linked with self discovery and self realization with becoming aware of one s deepest needs feelings and impulses Solitude is one of the components of the psychoanalytic concepts of ego strength defined as the capacity to maintain personal identity despite psychic pain distress turmoil and conflict between opposing internal forces or the demands of reality Fried 1980 Anthony Storr 1989 noted that people in the late 20 th century have wrongly come to view relationships as the only possible source of happiness to the neglect of one s intellectual and creative development Moreover creative and interpersonal skills are to some extent competing and even opposing forces As it is many people are often afraid of being alone and feel uncomfortable when confronted with themselves Such is not the case with most creative people who often have lives that not only provide much opportunity to be alone but actually require it The high rates of norm doubters among the highly creative suggest a wilful and intentional desire to be alone and outside the influence of others Feist 1999 Freedom

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  • Spontaneity - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    of the creative process Study of genius Suicide Systems approach References Creativity Links Spontaneity A certain range of possibilities immediately available to a person s psyche because of that person s intrinsic qualities and past and present experiences Learning as well as the formulation of aims and goals tends to eliminate what proves to be useless from the repertory of the mental flow thus reducing spontaneity Spontaneity Dictionary of Creativity

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  • Stages of the creative process - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    mathematician Poincar 1921 Joseph Wallas 1926 distinguished between four stages of the creative process 1 preparation 2 incubation 3 illumination and 4 verification This division was generally accepted by the subsequent researches sometimes with some variations of the name or number of the stages Thus Osborn 1953 expanded the list to seven stages 1 orientation pointing out the problem 2 preparation gathering pertinent data 3 analysis breaking down the relevant

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  • Study of genius - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    case of Galton himself he came from a notable rather inbred family that included many eminent members with highly intellectual interests his cousin Charles Darwin among them Galton believed that the ascent of a person with a high level of natural intellectual potential would not be deterred be social obstacles and that genius will out But he also recognized a certain role of external motivations helping geniuses to reach the fullest realization of their potential He included in these factors capacity zeal and the tendency to work hard Galton devised various measures of intellectual functioning and widely relied upon the use statistical methods Therefore he is considered by right a founding father for both psychometric and historimetric approaches in creativity research Although the later studies e g Simonton 1984 have not supported Galton s thesis about heredity as the major factor underlying the determination of genius his systematic method of studying eminent figures and the investigation of the correlations of creativity inspired further generations of researches In 1920s Lewis Terman from Stanford University initiated a large programme intended to establish factors influencing creativity and eminence In 1925 and 1926 the first two volumes of his five volume Genetic studies of genius were published Terman 1925 which contained a detailed study of the development of over 1300 intellectually gifted children selected from over a quarter of million children Like Galton Terman was concerned by genetics factors but also considered effects of early experiences and personality characteristics The subjects of studies were re assessed in the following years e g Terman and Oden 1959 and thus the correlation between mental and physical traits in childhood and creative achievements in adulthood was revealed The results showed that the index of giftedness and intelligence IQ remained relatively stable but no direct correlation between IQ

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  • Suicide - A Dictionary of Creativity by Eugene Gorny (Ed.)
    of genius Suicide Systems approach References Creativity Links Suicide Eisenstadt 1978 suggested that creative achievement delinquency and suicide are all expression of dissatisfaction with society As Ochse 1990 76 77 comments Creative achievement which to some extent involves destruction of current beliefs and practices may be seen as an attack on society In somewhat softer vein it may be construed as becoming independent of social demands and controlling one s

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